Are we ‘leaving no-one behind’? How gaps in modern slavery programmes allow forced labour among adolescent girls in the garment and textile industries

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adolescent girls
modern slavery
Walk Free’s promising practices
best practice
garments
labour exploitation
forced labour
nastoletnie dziewczęta
współczesne niewolnictwo
Walk Free’s obiecujące praktyki
najlepsze praktyki
odzież
wyzysk w pracy

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Bryant, K., & Joudo, B. (2021). Are we ‘leaving no-one behind’? How gaps in modern slavery programmes allow forced labour among adolescent girls in the garment and textile industries: Czy nikogo „nie zostawiliśmy z tyłu”? Jak luki w programach przeciwdziałania niewolnictwu umożliwiają pracę przymusową nastoletnich dziewcząt w przemyśle odzieżowym i tekstylnym. Archiwum Kryminologii, (XLIII/1), 19–46. https://doi.org/10.7420/AK2021.08

Abstrakt

This article will examine the efficacy of current programme services for adolescent girls at risk of forced labour through an analysis of Walk Free’s Promising Practices Database. The Database is a collection of evaluations of anti-slavery and counter-trafficking programmes since 2000, categorised by type of intervention, location of programme, and target population, among other terms. This article identifies what lessons can be learnt, if any, to both prevent and tackle the forced labour of adolescent girls, with a particular focus on the garment and textile industries. We examine a subset of the Promising Practices Database of 81 evaluations, where at least one component in programme design was targeted at adolescent girls. We find that, in line with other critiques of human trafficking research, most evaluations are disproportionately focussed on programmes tackling sex trafficking to the exclusion of other forms of forced labour. Based on two existing evaluations, and related programmes in the garment sector, we determine the importance of community-led, inclusive, rights-based awareness-raising and the need to tailor interventions specifically to the needs and life-stage of the target group.

 

W niniejszym artykule przeanalizowana zostanie skuteczność obecnych programów dla dziewcząt zagrożonych pracą przymusową poprzez analizę bazy danych Walk Free's Promising Practices Database. Baza danych jest zbiorem ewaluacji programów przeciwdziałania niewolnictwu i handlowi ludźmi od 2000 roku, podzielonych m.in. na kategorie według rodzaju interwencji, lokalizacji programu i populacji docelowej. W niniejszym artykule określono, jakie wnioski można wyciągnąć, jeśli w ogóle, w celu zapobiegania i zwalczania pracy przymusowej młodocianych dziewcząt, ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem przemysłu odzieżowego i tekstylnego. Analizujemy podzbiór bazy danych Promising Practices Database, obejmującej 81 ewaluacji, w których przynajmniej jeden komponent programu był skierowany do nastolatków. Stwierdzamy, że zgodnie z innymi krytykami badań nad handlem ludźmi, większość ewaluacji jest nieproporcjonalnie skupiona na programach zajmujących się handlem seksualnym, z wyłączeniem innych form pracy przymusowej. Na podstawie dwóch istniejących ewaluacji i powiązanego z nimi programowania w sektorze odzieżowym, stwierdzamy, jak ważne jest podnoszenie świadomości w oparciu o prawa i potrzeby społeczności lokalnej oraz dostosowanie interwencji do potrzeb i etapu życia grupy docelowej.

https://doi.org/10.7420/AK2021.08
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