„W Tepito masz dwie opcje: zginąć na ulicy lub trafić do więzienia”. Trajektoria kolektywna w badaniach przestępczości zorganizowanej w Meksyku

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Słowa kluczowe

kolektywna trajektoria
przestępczość zorganizowana
Meksyk
kryminologia
etnografia
DTO
collective trajectory
organized crime
Mexico
criminology
ethnography

Jak cytować

Chomczyński, P. (2021). „W Tepito masz dwie opcje: zginąć na ulicy lub trafić do więzienia”. Trajektoria kolektywna w badaniach przestępczości zorganizowanej w Meksyku: “In Tepito, you have two options: die in the street or go to jail.” Collective trajectory in the study of organized crime in Mexico. Archiwum Kryminologii, (XLIII/2), 7–37. https://doi.org/10.7420/AK2021.16

Abstrakt

Celem niniejszego artykułu jest próba wypracowania alternatywnej wobec dotychczasowych podejść kryminologicznych koncepcji kolektywnej trajektorii (collective trajectory CT). Wyjaśnia ona proces rekrutacji młodych ludzi do meksykańskich karteli narkotykowych (drug trafficking organizations DTO) i zajmowania najbardziej ryzykownych pozycji (sygnaliści, dilerzy, porywacze i płatni zabójcy). W odróżnieniu od większości dedukcyjnych, statystycznie tworzonych i weryfikowanych teorii kryminologicznych, koncepcja kolektywnej trajektorii wypracowana została na gruncie indukcyjnie prowadzonych badań oraz danych jakościowych gromadzonych i analizowanych w odmiennym kulturowo Meksyku. Badania opierają się na podejściu etnograficznym obejmującym obserwację bezpośrednią jawną oraz dziewięćdziesięciu dwóch wywiadach swobodnych przeprowadzonych wśród osób bezpośrednio współpracujących z DTO, członkach wspólnot zagrożonych przestępczością zorganizowaną oraz osób posiadających wiedzę ekspercką.

 

The aim of this article is an attempt to develop an alternative to the previous approaches to criminality, the concept of collective trajectory (CT). It explains the process of recruiting young people into Mexican drug cartels (DTOs) and in the riskiest positions (halcones, dealers, kidnappers and hitmen). Unlike deductive corrections and statistically created and verified criminological theories, collective analysis of trajectories is derived from inductively research and qualitative data collected and analyzed in a culturally different Mexico. The research is based on an ethnographic approach involving direct observation and 92 free interviews conducted among people directly cooperating with the DTO, members of communities at risk of organized crime and people with expert knowledge.

https://doi.org/10.7420/AK2021.16
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