Vol. 42 (2022)
General Articles

The Poet, the Law and the Protection of Individual Rights: an EU Reform Proposal from Literature

Peter Hilpold
University of Innsbruck
Julia Waibl
Intern at the Regional Court of Innsbruck

Published 2023-06-14

Keywords

  • fundamental rights in the EU,
  • access to court,
  • state liability,
  • Köbler jurisprudence,
  • reform of the EU Treaties

How to Cite

Hilpold, P., & Waibl, J. (2023). The Poet, the Law and the Protection of Individual Rights: an EU Reform Proposal from Literature. Polish Yearbook of International Law, 42, 203–219. https://doi.org/10.24425/PYIL.2023.147176

Abstract

The European integration process is currently faced with a notable dilem­ma: While the need for new impetus and for far-reaching reform is widely felt, there is not only widespread resistance to any meaningful institutional reform but there is also a dearth of really innovative ideas. Europe is in danger of losing out with its citizens, who should have become its very foundation, in contrast to the early years when this integration process was mainly state driven. European institutions have tried to oppose this trend by organizing a grass-roots process for collecting ideas for reform. The results of the “Conference on the Future of Europe” were, however, not really convincing. This contribution attempts to examine the reform impulse coming from literature – in particular Ferdinand von Schirach’s “Jeder Mensch” – for its suitability to make a meaningful contribution to this discussion. It will be shown that one of his proposals – contained in Art. 6 of this booklet and proposing a right of the individual to bring fundamental rights claims directly before the Court of Justice of the European Union, deserves particular attention.

References

  1. Arts. 4(2)(k) and 168 of the Treaty on Functioning of the European Union (TFEU).
  2. Berg, D.F., Kramme, M. (eds.), Lieferkettensorgfaltspflichtengesetz. Kommentar, C.H. Beck, München: 2023.
  3. Berger, M., Zeugnisse für Musterschüler sehen anders aus, Der Standard, 25 July 2021, available at: https://www.derstandard.at/story/2000128424109/ zeugnisse-fuer-musterschueler-sehen-anders-aus.
  4. Carcano, A., The Challenges of Populism: What Role for International Law Scholars?, 1 Diritti umani e diritto internazionale 5 (2020).
  5. Casarosa, F., Moraru, M. (eds.), The Pratice of Judicial Interaction in the Field of Fundamental Rights – The Added Value of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham: 2022.
  6. COM(2017)2025, the European Council Conclusions of 12 December 2019, paras. 14-16.
  7. CONV 72/02, 31.5.2002, pp. 3f.
  8. Editorial Comments, 59 Common Market Law Review 1583 (2022), p. 1583.
  9. European Commission, Proposal for a Regulation Laying down harmonized rules on artificial intelligence, COM(2021) 206 final, 21 March 2021.
  10. Final Report of the Working Group on the Court of Justice, CONV 636/03, no. 19.
  11. Final Report of Working Group II “Charter”, CONV 354/02, 22.10.2002, p. 15.
  12. Freiburg Draft for a European Constitutional Treaty of November 12, 2002, available at: http://www.leforum.de/de/FreiburgerEntwurf.pdf (accessed 30 April 2023).
  13. Gerards, J., Slowe, R., Human Rights in the Council of Europe and the European Union, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge: 2018, p. 111.
  14. Hickok, M., Rotenberg, M., Caunes, K., The Council of Europe Creates a Black Box for AI Policy, VerfassungsBlog, 24 January 2023, available at: https://verfassungsblog.de/coe-black-box-ai/ (accessed 30 April 2023).
  15. Hillion, Ch. Poland and Hungary are withdrawing from the EU, VerfassungsBlog, 27 April 2020, available at: https://verfassungsblog.de/poland-and-hungary-are-withdrawing-from-the-eu/ (accessed 30 April 2023).
  16. Hilpold, P. Die Europäische Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion – Ihr Umbau im Zeichen der Solidarität, Springer, Berlin: 2021.
  17. Hilpold, P. Nichtdiskriminierung und Unionsbürgerschaft, in: M. Niedobitek (ed.), Europarecht: Grundlagen Und Politiken Der Union (2nd ed.), de Gruyter, Berlin: 2019, pp. 805-886.
  18. Hilpold, P., Die Corona- Opfer von Ischgl können sich auf EU-Recht stützen, Der Standard, 11 October 2021, available at: https://www. derstandard.de/story/2000130324845/die-corona-opfer-von-ischgl-koennen-sich-auf-eu-rechtl (accessed 30 April 2023).
  19. Hilpold, P., Eine lustlose Formübung, Wiener Zeitung, 21 July 2021, available at: https://www.wienerzeitung.at/meinung/gastkommentare/2113597-Eine-lustlose-Formuebung.html (both accessed 30 April 2023).
  20. Hilpold, P., Europas Menschenrechte werden 70 – und werfen Licht und Schatten, Wiener Zeitung, 21 August 2020, p. 11.
  21. Hilpold, P., Europas Menschenrechte werden 70 – und werfen Licht und Schatten, Wiener Zeitung, 21 August 2020, p. 11.
  22. Hilpold, P., Ischgl: Hat wieder wer das Licht ausgemacht?, in: Die Presse 31 Augsut 2023, p. 26.
  23. Hilpold, P., Maßnahmen zur effektiven Durchsetzung von Menschen- und Arbeitsrechten – Völkerrechtliche Anforderungen, in: A. Reinisch, S. Hobe, E.-M. Kieninger (eds.), 50 Berichte der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Internationales Recht, Unternehmensverantwortung und Internationales Recht, C.F. Müller, Heidelberg: 2020, pp. 182-228.
  24. Hilpold, P., Ringen um europäische Werte – Österreich in der EU, in: P. Hilpold, A. Raffeiner,
  25. Hilpold, P., Stärkung der Vorlagepflicht letztinstanzlicher Gerichte, 45 Neue Juristische Wochenschrift 3290 (2021).
  26. Hilpold, P., Teaching International Law in the 21th Century – Opening up the Hidden Room in the Palace of International Law, 27 April 2022, available at: https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=4081412 (accessed 30 April 2023).
  27. Hollaender, A.E., Gute Ziele – mangelhafte Durchsetzung, Wiener Zeitung, 11 September 2020, p. 13
  28. Jacqué, J.P. The European Parliament’s Institutional Proposals Following the Conference on the Future of Europe: Much Ado about Nothing?, 59 Common Market Law Review 129 (2022).
  29. Järviniemi, J., Scholz, R., Hoffmeister, K. From COVID-19 towards a European Health Union: Proposals for Treaty reform on health, Young European Federalists, May 2022, available at: https://tinyurl.com/ys5655tk (accessed 30 April 2023).
  30. Karpenstein, U., Ferdinand von Schirach. Jeder Mensch. Comments and Remarks, Luchterhand, München: 2021.
  31. Kirst, N. Rule of Law Conditionality: The Long-awaited Step Towards a Solution of the Rule of Law Crisis in the European Union?, 6 European Papers 101 (2021).
  32. Knecht, M., Präambel zur GRC, in: U. Becker, A. Hatje, J. Schoo, J. Schwarze (eds.), EU-Kommentar, Nomos, Baden-Baden: 2019, no. 17.
  33. Locke, J., Two Treaties of Government, 1690.569 U.S. 108, 124–25 (2013).
  34. Mahoney, P., The European Court of Human Rights and its Ever-Growing Caseload: Preserving the Mission of the Court While Ensuring the Viability of the Individual Petition, in: S. Flogiatis, T. Zwart, J. Fraser (eds.), The European Court of Human Rights and Its Discontents: Turning Criticism into Strength, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham: 2013, pp. 18ff., 25.
  35. Morgera, E., Durán, G.M. Article 37, in: S. Peers et al. (eds.), The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights (2nd ed.), Hart, Oxford: 2021, para. 37.01.
  36. MRA: Views of 24 October 2019, Teitiota v. New Zealand, CCPR/C/127/D/2728/2016.
  37. Philipp, O. Art. 7 EUV als Rettung für den Rechtsstaat?, 16 Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 697 (2021).
  38. Platthaus, A., Das Geisterkonzil unseres Abendlandes, FAZ, 10 February 2019, available at: https:// www.faz.net/aktuell/feuilleton/debatten/das-geisterkonzil-unseres-abendlandes-kommentar-zu-europa-literatur-16031741.html (accessed 30 April 2023).
  39. Regulation (EU) 2016/679 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 April 2016 on the protection of natural persons with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data, and repealing Directive 95/46/EC, OJ L 119, 4.5.2016, pp. 1-88.
  40. Schirach, F. von, Interview with Mathias Döpfner, Jeder Mensch kann Europa verändern, Welt 27 September 2022, available at: https://www.welt.de/politik/deutschland/article229697153/Von-Schirach-und- Doepfner-Ein-Gespraech-ueber-neue-Grundrechte-fuer-Europa.html (accessed 30 April 2023).
  41. Spieker, L.D. Werte, Vorrang, Identität: Der Dreiklang europäischer Justizkonflikte vor dem EuGH – Zugleich Bespr. von EuGH 22.2.2022 – RS (C-430/21), 7 Europäische Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftsrecht 326 (2022).
  42. Steinmair W. (eds.), Rechtsstaatlichkeit, Grundrechte und Solidarität in Österreich und in Europa – Festgabe zum
  43. Steinmair W., (eds.), Rechtsstaatlichkeit, Grundrechte und Solidarität in Österreich und in Europa – Festgabe zum 85. Geburtstag von Professor Heinrich Neisser, einem europäischen Humanisten, Facultas, Wien: 2021.
  44. Streinz, R., Ohler, Ch., Herrmann, Ch., Der Vertrag von Lissabon zur Reform der EU, C.H. Beck, München: 2010.
  45. The CJEU in C-561/19 Consorzio Italian Management, ECLI:EU:C:2021:799.
  46. The CJEU judgment in Case C-546/18 Adler, ECLI:EU:C:2021:711.
  47. The Communication from the Commission, Fostering a European approach to Artificial Intelligence, COM(2021) 205 final, 21.4.2021.
  48. Weh, L., Ein Geniestreich mit immer schwächerer Rechtsdurchsetzung, Wiener Zeitung, 4 September 2020, p. 11.
  49. Witte B. de, The European Union’s COVID-19 recovery plan: The legal engineering of an economic policy shift, 58(3) Common Market Law Review 635 (2021).