The Application of EU Law by Polish Courts. General Remarks on 15 Years of Experience

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Keywords

national courts
application of EU law
principle of primacy
direct effect
consistent interpretation
preliminary rulings

How to Cite

Domańska, M., Miąsik, D., & Szwarc, M. (2020). The Application of EU Law by Polish Courts. General Remarks on 15 Years of Experience. Contemporary Central & East European Law, (1 (133), 21–32. https://doi.org/10.37232/cceel.2019.02

Abstract

The Court of Justice of the European Union operates on a case-by-case basis. This means that its decisions normally relate to specific problems occurring in a specific Member State. Consequently it is often hard to ‘translate’ this case law into the national legal system of a different Member State. Nevertheless the case law of the Court of Justice has consequences not only for the individual Member States. It also has harmonising effects. In this sense, the principles of primacy and of direct effect of EU provisions, as well as the obligation to interpret domestic law in conformity with EU law, operate as the minimum requirements which the legal systems of Member States must fulfil. Poland joined the European Union in May 2004. At that time the number of Member States increased to 25. The existence of avenues of judicial protection in the EU raised a number of questions from the very beginning. Now, after 15 years of experience it is time to consider the standard of application of EU law by Polish courts.

https://doi.org/10.37232/cceel.2019.02
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