On the Preventative Effect of Sanctions for Drug Crime: The United States, Germany, and Portugal

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Słowa kluczowe

polityka narkotykowa
rozwój przestępczości narkotykowej
prewencyjny efekt surowego karania
alternatywy wobec karania
terapia zamiast kary
drug policies
development of drug crime
crime prevention
effect of harsh punishment
alternatives to punishement
treatment instead of punishment

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Kury, H., Kuhlmann, A., & Quintas, J. (2019). On the Preventative Effect of Sanctions for Drug Crime: The United States, Germany, and Portugal. Archiwum Kryminologii, (XLI/1), 261–295. https://doi.org/10.7420/AK2019F


One of the most discussed types of crime in Western countries is the use and sale of illegal drugs, especially hard drugs. The debate has become more heated over the few last years in the context of controversies over migration from the south to the north and an intensification of drug dealing. On the one hand, we find an increasing acceptance of soft drugs, while on the other hand, conservative groups argue for harsher punishment to reduce the problem. This chapter discusses the developments in the USA, Germany, and Portugal and raises doubts about the effectiveness of more and harsher punishment on crime prevention.


Używanie oraz sprzedaż narkotyków, szczególnie narkotyków twardych, jest jednym z najszerzej omawianych rodzajów przestępczości w krajach zachodnich, który jednocześnie budzi najwięcej kontrowersji. Debata wokół tej kwestii zyskała na znaczeniu w ostatnich latach w związku z nasileniem krytyki migracji z krajów globalnego Południa do krajów globalnej Północy i wzrostem zjawiska handlu narkotykami. Z jednej strony widać rosnącą akceptację używania narkotyków miękkich, z drugiej jednak grupy konserwatystów rozwiązanie problemu używania i sprzedaży narkotyków widzą w zaostrzeniu sankcji karnych. Niniejszy tekst omawia te zjawiska na przykładzie Stanów Zjednoczonych, Niemiec oraz Portugalii, podając w wątpliwość prewencyjne skutki zaostrzenia kar.

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