(Penal) populism and experts in the age of the digital crowd wisdom

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penal populism
populizm penalny
tworzenie prawa

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Szafrańska, M. (2022). (Penal) populism and experts in the age of the digital crowd wisdom: (Penalny) populizm i eksperci w czasach cyfrowej mądrości zbiorowej . Archiwum Kryminologii, (XLIV/1), 197–227. https://doi.org/10.7420/AK2021.18


Disregard for scientific facts and knowledge holders has usually been identified as a distinguishing feature of the penal populists’ politics. But is penal populism always anti-intellectual? In this article, I provide some deeper insight into the role of expertise in (penal) populist activity, especially in the context of the currently observed redefinition of expertise (some call it “the death of expertise”) and rapid development of new technologies that enable easy aggregation of citizensʼ collective wisdom. Will crowdlaw-making platforms prevent (penal) populism? Or will they strengthen it by facilitating the justification of radical and unnecessary changes in (criminal) law? Is there a place for traditionally conceived experts and established knowledge in crowdsourced law-making process, and if so, what should be their role?


Lekceważenie wiedzy eksperckiej oraz jej posiadaczy jest zwykle identyfikowane jako wyróżniająca cecha penalnopopulistycznej polityki. Czy jednak w istocie populizm penalny jest jednoznacznie antyintelektualny? Artykuł jest próbą zaprezentowania roli ekspertyzy w działalności populistów (penalnych) w kontekście obserwowanej obecnie redefinicji ekspertyzy i szybkiego rozwoju nowych technologii, które umożliwiają łatwe agregowanie zbiorowej mądrości obywateli. Czy platformy crowdsourcingowe będą przeciwdziałać (penalnemu) populizmowi? A może raczej wzmocnią go, ułatwiając uzasadnianie radykalnych i niepotrzebnych zmian w prawie (karnym)? Czy crowdsourcing w tworzeniu prawa pozostawia miejsce dla tradycyjnie rozumianych ekspertów i wiedzy naukowej, a jeśli tak, to jaka powinna być ich rola?

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